Kill two birds with one stone with Wikipedia

**Detta blogginlägg är också tillgängligt på svenska**

This blog post is not about Wikipedia as a source. Rather, I will focus on Wikipedia as a channel for research communication.

Studies indicate that Wikipedia can be an effective tool for research dissemination. For example, Wikipedia is a source frequently consulted by physicians and medical students.[1] Wikipedia is a universal encyclopedia, and its open source software allows everyone to contribute content.  Researchers can contribute by writing about research results in an accessible way and by providing references to their publications. For researchers, Wikipedia offers a venue for popularizing science and scholarship, and at the same time making their own research more visible, thereby killing two birds with one stone.

The structure of a Wikipedia article

There are a few elements common to all Wikipedia articles. Here is an example:

– The title of the article [1].

– The body text [2] has its first word written in bold. In this example, there are many references to other Wikipedia articles. These headwords are only hyperlinked the first time they occur in the text.

– External links (for example, to a publisher’s website) are listed under this heading [3].

– Under [4], references that occur in the text are listed.

– An often-forgotten feature is the categorization of articles [5]. This is a way to contextualize the article, which is of value to both readers and contributors.

– At the bottom of the page, the applicable Creative Commons license is given (CC BY-SA). Content on Wikipedia can be redistributed freely, if the source is referenced and the CC license is retained. (The CC BY-SA license has also been given to this blog post, as indicated at the bottom of the text.)

– At [7], you can edit the article.

– If you want to have a look “behind the scenes”, you can go to “View history” [8]. Here you can view earlier versions of the article, and when and by whom the article has been edited. In some cases, this can prove interesting reading indeed!

– At [9], it is indicated if you have logged in to Wikipedia or not.

The varying quality of Wikipedia articles

Some articles on Wikipedia are not very good. Others, on the other hand, are of high quality and well substantiated. By viewing the history of the article and its talk page (see Thomas Piketty) you will get a good indication if the subject matter is controversial or neglected (Paternopoli=not updated for a long time). This is one way of assessing the quality of the article. Other parameters to look at: does the article have references (Irpinia – good) or footnotes (even better)? Are referenced sources scholarly (Hofstede’s cultural dimensions)?

Wikipedia as a tool for research dissemination

As a researcher, you have a unique opportunity to help make Wikipedia better, and at the same time make your own research more visible. Before we go into how to do this in a smart way, remember to:

1. Never create an article about yourself. If you are important enough to have an article on Wikipedia, someone else will write one.

2. Never create a whole new article about your research. This is especially important if you are not a seasoned contributor on Wikipedia.

3. Never look at Wikipedia as a channel for marketing your own research. Try instead to enrich and nuance existing articles. If you approach Wikipedia in a humble way, it is more likely your contributions will last.

Instead, start with enriching an existing article

Locate an article related to your research field, add a few sentences with relevant information and reference an already published academic source. If you have published research on the subject, you have the opportunity to reference that. If you have written a press release, a popular account or a leaflet about your research this will help you write your Wikipedia article. Make sure to reference your own research publication!

If you get hooked and go on to create new articles, there are a few other things to keep in mind. Make sure to link the article to other articles in Wikipedia. Don’t create an “orphan” article, they are more likely not to survive. Put some extra effort in adding categories to your article – look at how similar articles have been categorized.

 

Learn to write in a new genre

Different audiences mean different uses of language. The style on Wikipedia is very different from that of a scholarly article. The best way to learn is by reading other Wikipedia articles, and begin practicing on a small scale. If you follow the advice above and start by enriching existing articles, you will likely not run into any problems. You will automatically fall into the style of existing content.

The technical aspect of editing will not present many difficulties. Edit the article in the text editing mode [7].

If you become a frequent contributor to Wikipedia, I recommend that you create your own account. If you only make a few edits a year, there is no need to have an account. (if you want to write more on Wikipedia as a LiU employee, contact the Communications and Marketing Division on information on how to create a LiU log-in.) If you have an account, you can interact with other Wikipedians through your own user page and you get your own sand box to develop your articles. You can also create your own watchlist with articles that you are especially engaged with.

You are not the one in control!

If you think of Wikipedia as an endless project that is constantly being revised, it is easy to imagine that you own edits might not survive. Don’t lose faith if your contributions are deleted. Ask yourself why this happened, and try to learn from experience the next time you edit an article on Wikipedia.

Learn more

Which LiU researchers are Wikipedia editors? Swedish Wikipedia has 128 articles that have been edited by LiU researchers, the English version 42 (11 November, 2019)

Help: Wikipedia editing for researchers, scholars, and academics

Is your research already referred to at Wikipedia? Altmetrics holds the answer. The colour black on your ”Altmetric donut” indicate that your publication has been cited on Wikipedia. The easiest way to check this is through your DiVA publication list (create it here).

Want to learn more? We will gladly come to your department to hold talks or workshops!

By Johanna Nählinder, senior coordinator of reseach support, Linköping University Library, under CC BY-SA. Translated by Peter Igelström.

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[1] Metcalfe, D. & J. Powell (2011) Should doctors spurn Wikipedia J R Soc Med 104(12): 488-489.

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“Dubbelkvart” current research and teaching issues

** Detta inlägg finns även tillgängligt på svenska**

“Dubbelkvart” about current research and teaching issues comes to Campus Norrköping

“Dubbelkvart” is the name for the university library’s short, open lunch talks on current issues and tips that facilitates work for our researchers and teachers.

“Dubbelkvart” at Campus Norrköping will take place in the loungen in Utsikten so bring your sandwich and coffee  (BYO) and come to listen.

The programme for the spring semester 2020 will cover the following issues: Bibliometrics, Plan S and Open Science, Disseminating your research, Planning teaching with the library and Information literacy of alumni. See the full programme below.

Kerstin Annerbo or  Britt Omstedt at Campus Norrköping library can answer any questions you may have.

 

 

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Nytt open accessavtal med Elsevier

** This blogpost is also available in English **

Vad betyder detta för dig som forskare?

Att du från januari 2020 utan någon kostnad kan publicera dig open access i Elseviers tidskrifter, inklusive Cell Press och flera lärda sällskap. Du har nu också tillbaka lästillgången till deras tidskrifter igen och behöver inte längre använda GetItNow eller fjärrlån för att komma åt Elsevierartiklar. Läs pressmeddelandet!

(FÖRTYDLIGANDE 191203: Kostnadsfri publicering av öppet tillgängliga artiklar gäller bara artiklar som skickas in till förlaget efter 1/1 2020. Hybridartiklar i The Lancet-tidskrifter samt vissa titlar från lärda sällskap täcks inte under avtalet.)

Efter ett och ett halvt år utan lästillgång till någon av Elseviers tidskrifter har nu Sverige på nationell nivå slutit ett så kallat transformativt avtal med förlaget. Från och med årsskiftet bekostar biblioteket open accesspublicering i majoritet av förlagets tidskrifter – både i rena open accesstidskrifter och hybridtidskrifter. LiU-forskare kan alltså publicera sig fritt hos förlaget utan att betala en krona. Att publicera under denna modell är förenligt med forskningsfinansiärerna krav om open access.

Sommaren 2018 brakade förhandlingarna med Elsevier ihop. Sverige var ett av flera länder som bröt med Elsevier då man inte kunde enas om open access och vi har sedan dess stått utan ett avtal. Det nya avtalet innebär att svenska lärosäten igen får lästillgång – men också fritt kan publicera sig.

I Sverige förhandlar biblioteken stora avtal med förlagen centralt, via konsortiet Bibsam. De avtal som sluts samförhandlar både läs- och publiceringskostnader för open access. När fler och fler publicerar sig open access ska läskostnaden sänkas så att man inte betalar dubbelt, i takt med detta betalar vi istället mer för att täcka publiceringsavgifter för LiU-forskare. Kostnaden förskjuts alltså från läsning till publicering. Detta löser problemet med att betala för redan öppet tillgänglig forskning. .

 

Läs mer om bakgrunden
Läs mer om LiU:s publiceringsavtal
Läs mer om den nya sortens avtal – transformativa avtal

Skrivet av Tanja Blixt, bibliotekarie på Avdelningen för medieförsörjning

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LiUB supports researcher OA book publication

** Detta blogginlägg är också tillgängligt på svenska **

Let’s take the most important thing first: LiU Library temporarily offers support for publication in open access journals. Now we are expanding our support to include books as well. If you have a book under publication and get the  opportunity to publish it open access, the library can help in paying the author fee.

Do you want to know more? Contact us at openaccess@bibl.liu.se

Open access is an important societal challenge. The latest government bill on research  ”Kunskap i samverkan” (2016/17: 50),  stresses the objective to make all scientific publications that result from publicly funded research immediately open access. This will benefit innovation, competitiveness and strengthen the public sector.

Whereas article open access are well on the way, this is not the case with books. Plan S mention books in its seventh principle: “The above principles should apply to all types of scholarly publications, but it is understood that the timeline to achieve Open Access for monographs and book chapters will be longer and requires a separate and due process.” Thus, other processes are required to increase the open access book publication.

It is a bit more complicated with open access for books than for scientific articles. Many books are actually already open access:
* Many books are freely available and downloadable online, often as  pdf documents. Some of these are available open access only. See, for example, books written by Jan Kjellgren and by (ed) Lotta Gröning & Elin Wihlborg. Do not forget the dissertations freely  available in full text in DiVA  –  3109 and counting!

*Some open access books are also sold as tanglibe books.  Open access is a real challenge for this market. When it is possible to publish such a book open access, it is often associated with high costs. An example of a book that is available in both physical and electronic open access format is “Glocal Pharma” by Ericka Johnson, Ebba Sjögren and Cecilia Åsberg.


Written by Johanna Nählinder, co-ordinator of research support, LiUB, as part of OA-Week2019

 

P.S. Do read the blogpost in Scholarly Kitchens regarding open access publishing of books!
P.S.S: Interested in open access publishing of books? Visit Kriterium?

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Provperiod på Statista

** English version below **

Biblioteket erbjuder provperiod på Statista mellan den 1–31 oktober 2019.

Statista är en plattform som ger tillgång till kvantitativa data och statistik inom en stor mängd områden från mer än 20 000 källor. Förutom marknadsdata, finns också data som är relaterat till media, politik och andra områden.

Materialet kan laddas ner i olika format, till exempel PowerPoint, Excel, PNG eller PDF, och sedan användas i exempelvis presentationer.

Om du testar Statista och vill delge oss synpunkter eller intryck är du välkommen att kontakta oss på biblioteket@liu.se.

Gå till: Statista

 

Trial period: Statista

Linköping University Library offers a trial period for Statista between 1st of October and 31th of October 2019.

Statista is an international platform that provides quantitative data and statistics within a great number of areas from more than 20,000 sources.

All data can be downloaded in many different formats, such as PowerPoint, Excel, PNG or PDF.

You are welcome to send us your impressions and comments about Statista to biblioteket@liu.se.

Go to: Statista

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