PASSIMer of the month (Björn)

In my work I am interested in how things are valued, measured and categorized. In recent years I have primarily been focused on the evaluation of academic outputs like papers and patents. In disciplinary terms, my research can be situated at the intersection of information studies and sociology of science with a focus on scholarly communication and bibliometrics.

Currently, I work as an associate professor in Library and Information Science at the University of Borås where I act as a leader for a research group on Knowledge Infrastructures. Prior to this I spent three years as a postdoc at Leiden University and the Centre for Science and Technology Studies (CWTS). My PhD was awarded at Uppsala University for a thesis on how bibliometrics and citation analysis can be used for mapping and evaluating the humanities. It was also at Uppsala where I first got to know Eva Hemmungs Wirtén and we have cooperated in various project since. Hence, I had no doubts when Eva asked me to join PASSIM (although I knew very little about patents). Through my involvement in PASSIM I have learned a lot about patents, but equally important the project has been a great opportunity for interdisciplinary exchange in a colloquial and friendly atmosphere. Therefore, I really hope that the PASSIM-team can meet – outside Zoom – soon again, and I really look forward to our planned workshops on Patents as Capital, and Patents in War and Peace. Considering my own work, I will continue to study patents and their role as science indicators – a first paper was published earlier this year  – and the role of patents in the scientific information industry. But first some long-awaited vacation, which I will spend with my family (its latest addition being a ragdoll kitten) in the garden, in the woods of Småland, and by a lake or the sea. Certainly, I will also find time to watch a “few” games of football from the European Championship.

 

 

For more on patents in the scientific information industry (or possibly football outrage?) follow Björn on twitter.

New PASSIM article: “India’s Traditional Knowledge Digital Library and the Politics of Patent Classifications” by Martin Fredriksson

 

Martin Fredriksson is associate professor at the unit for Culture and Society Linköping University and a member of the PASSIM project team. In this recent article Martin analyses India’s Traditional Knowledge Digital Library (TKDL) as a potential intervention in the administration of patent law.

Martin’s article concludes that the major database on the one hand bridges the gap between the main branches of Indian traditional medicine and the formal knowledge system of International Patent Classifications. Furthermore, it has also inspired revisions of the International Patent Classification system, which makes it better adapted to incorporate traditional medical knowledge. On the other hand, critical research on traditional knowledge documentation argues that traditional knowledge databases, like the TKDL, can decontextualize the knowledge they catalogue and dispossess its original owners. The TKDL, however, also fits into a national, Indian agenda of documenting and modernizing traditional medicine that predates the formation of the TKDL by several decades and challenges the dichotomy between traditional and scientific knowledge systems that originally motivated the formation of the TKDL.

You can read more about Martin’s work in PASSIM on the blog and the article is available in Law and Critique.

 

From left to right: José Bellido, Johanna Dahlin, Martin Fredriksson and Björn Hammarfelt.

Conversation with Kathy Bowrey coming up!

On Thursday, April 22, the first of our three zoom conversations jointly organized by PASSIM and ISHTIP (The International Society for the History and Theory of Intellectual Property) takes place! This will be a great opportunity not only to listen to Kathy Bowrey talk about her new book with Brad Sherman and PASSIM’s own Martin Fredriksson, but to reboot the interdisciplinary dialogue on intellectual property more generally. What are the methods, materials, approaches and assumptions we bring to this particular brand of scholarship? ISHTIP has been absolutely central here. But before we can meet again in person in 2022, ISHTIP too will take place via zoom this summer.

Awaiting that time in July, join us for one or all three conversations and keep the dialogue going!

 

To join this discussion: https://unsw.zoom.us/j/88412339834

New PASSIM article! “Linking science to technology: the patent paper citation and the rise of patentometrics in the 1980s”

Earlier this week Björn Hammarfelt’s first paper in the PASSIM-project was published in Journal of Documention. The article titled “Linking science to technology: the patent paper citation and the rise of patentometrics in the 1980s” can be described as a conceptual history of the patent paper citation.The study analyses how a further interest for patents as scientific documents from several domains, including research policy, bibliometrics and the sociology of science was evident during the 1980s. In many ways the patent was treated as just another document containing scientific information, and the patent citation was viewed as readily available indicator for answering key questions in contemporarydeliberations on the role of scientific research in relation to technological development. In representing these links, patents, and patent citations, became a common point of reference which allowed for measurement and comparison of entities that otherwise appear as separate and non-calculable. The paper concludes by arguing for a broader more reflexive understanding of references in patents, including their social, legal and rhetorical function.

The full text can be accessed here: https://www.emerald.com/insight/content/doi/10.1108/JD-12-2020-0218/full/html