PASSIMer of the month (Marc)

Marc Stuhldreier is a new addition to the PASSIM team, and as of this fall Postdoctoral Fellow in Culture and Society at Linköping University, he is also our PASSIMer of the month.

I come an academic background in business law and human rights, my research interest lies in analysing international patent rights, addressing their flaws and supporting the creation of a patent system that is fair and just for all stakeholders. To this end, I seek to account for the different needs of countries and populations at different stages of development. Additionally, my planned research aims for a re-balancing of the incentivisation system which should be based on needs rather than being cantered around purely monetary considerations. I am further interested in scientific and technological advancements and their implications on and interrelation with the field of IP and patent rights as well as issues concerning data protection and privacy.

Currently, I am a Postdoctoral Fellow in Culture and Society at Linköping University, and I joined the PASSIM project as its latest member. Prior to this, I conducted PhD studies at Northumbria University Newcastle, where I analysed pharmaceutical patent rights and their detrimental impacts on the accessibility of medicines and the human right to health. A key theme of my thesis was the identification of responsibilities of private corporations towards the realisation of human rights. A further interest I developed throughout my studies lies in the subject of data privacy in the context of technological advancements. After finishing my PhD, I decided to gather professional experiences as a data protection officer before joining Linköping University and PASSIM to continue my research in the field of patents and technology as a Postdoc.

My PASSIM research project now focusses on the efficacy of the research incentives provided by patent rights. The planned activity is divided into two sub-categories and research questions. The first question addresses the efficacy of patents for incentivising research into highly required innovations, such as new medicines, where the resulting products do not necessarily offer a high profitability (e.g. orphan drugs or neglected diseases). The second part of my planned research focusses on leaks of scientific information and research data, and its impacts on the novelty requirement for patenting innovations. This part of the analysis shall identify whether and when the theft and unlawful disclosure of scientific information can jeopardise the patentability of new inventions.

I am quite excited to be a part of the wonderful PASSIM team, and I am looking forward to adding my two cents to this ECR funded project.

Updated Call for Papers for Workshop 3

Updated Call for Papers

A few changes have been made to our call for papers to the workshop Patents in the Service of War and Peace, including a prolonged submission deadline.

The call now closes October 30th this fall.

Dates: May 16–18, 2022
Venue: Norrköping, Sweden
Call closes: October 30, 2021
Proposal format: 500 Word proposal/200 Word bio
Submit to: 2022workshop@passim.se

Any questions can be directed to the organizers of the workshop: Johanna DahlinJosé BellidoMartin Fredriksson.

 

PASSIMer of the month (Björn)

In my work I am interested in how things are valued, measured and categorized. In recent years I have primarily been focused on the evaluation of academic outputs like papers and patents. In disciplinary terms, my research can be situated at the intersection of information studies and sociology of science with a focus on scholarly communication and bibliometrics.

Currently, I work as an associate professor in Library and Information Science at the University of Borås where I act as a leader for a research group on Knowledge Infrastructures. Prior to this I spent three years as a postdoc at Leiden University and the Centre for Science and Technology Studies (CWTS). My PhD was awarded at Uppsala University for a thesis on how bibliometrics and citation analysis can be used for mapping and evaluating the humanities. It was also at Uppsala where I first got to know Eva Hemmungs Wirtén and we have cooperated in various project since. Hence, I had no doubts when Eva asked me to join PASSIM (although I knew very little about patents). Through my involvement in PASSIM I have learned a lot about patents, but equally important the project has been a great opportunity for interdisciplinary exchange in a colloquial and friendly atmosphere. Therefore, I really hope that the PASSIM-team can meet – outside Zoom – soon again, and I really look forward to our planned workshops on Patents as Capital, and Patents in War and Peace. Considering my own work, I will continue to study patents and their role as science indicators – a first paper was published earlier this year  – and the role of patents in the scientific information industry. But first some long-awaited vacation, which I will spend with my family (its latest addition being a ragdoll kitten) in the garden, in the woods of Småland, and by a lake or the sea. Certainly, I will also find time to watch a “few” games of football from the European Championship.

 

 

For more on patents in the scientific information industry (or possibly football outrage?) follow Björn on twitter.

New PASSIM article: “India’s Traditional Knowledge Digital Library and the Politics of Patent Classifications” by Martin Fredriksson

 

Martin Fredriksson is associate professor at the unit for Culture and Society Linköping University and a member of the PASSIM project team. In this recent article Martin analyses India’s Traditional Knowledge Digital Library (TKDL) as a potential intervention in the administration of patent law.

Martin’s article concludes that the major database on the one hand bridges the gap between the main branches of Indian traditional medicine and the formal knowledge system of International Patent Classifications. Furthermore, it has also inspired revisions of the International Patent Classification system, which makes it better adapted to incorporate traditional medical knowledge. On the other hand, critical research on traditional knowledge documentation argues that traditional knowledge databases, like the TKDL, can decontextualize the knowledge they catalogue and dispossess its original owners. The TKDL, however, also fits into a national, Indian agenda of documenting and modernizing traditional medicine that predates the formation of the TKDL by several decades and challenges the dichotomy between traditional and scientific knowledge systems that originally motivated the formation of the TKDL.

You can read more about Martin’s work in PASSIM on the blog and the article is available in Law and Critique.

 

From left to right: José Bellido, Johanna Dahlin, Martin Fredriksson and Björn Hammarfelt.

Post seminar: Patents on Display and Methods of Exhibition Analysis

 

 

Yesterday PASSIM held a seminar online. PASSIM’s own Isabelle Strömstedt discussed a narrative approach to exhibition analysis that focuses on how documents can be displayed. Isabelle’s dissertation concerns the exhibition “Idé – Patent – Produkt” (Idea – Patent – Product) by the Swedish Patent Office. Annika Öhrner was invited as a guest speaker. Öhrner is Associate Professor in Art History at Södertörn University. She discussed Methods in Exhibition Analysis. Annika opened the seminar with an informative overview of art history and then explored examples of exhibition analysis in recent dissertations.

The seminar was an excellent example of how benefiting interdisciplinary conversations can be. The resonance between the two speakers was crystal clear and I know for a fact that it was greatly inspiring for Isabelle.

PI Eva Hemmungs Wirtén expressed that in less testing times than the current we would have been able to express our gratitude to Annika over a glass of vine or a post seminar dinner. Unfortunately that will have to be rain-checked, but we are grateful.

As Eva concluded in an earlier post here on our blog, the pandemic has meant that we must do things a little bit different if we are to keep momentum throughout these times.

Yesterday’s seminar was an example of at least one upside with online seminars as a handful of scholars joined the seminar from abroad and very much contributed to the discussion after the presentations.

On behalf of the PASSIM team I would like to thank everyone for their participation.

A recording of the seminar will be published on our website shortly:   https://liu.se/en/research/passim

Best,

Mattis Karlsson, PASSIM RA