PASSIMer of the month (Gustav)

PASSIMer of the month is Gustav Källstrand. Gustav has been a part of PASSIM since the very beginning and that first trip to Mundaneum in Mons. 

My main research interest is the cultural history of science, that is, how we ascribe meaning to scientific ideas and legitimacy to scientific institutions (and to the institution of science itself). Early on in my career I started looking at the Nobel Prize, since it is perhaps the most visible and prestigious cultural symbol of science, and have been so almost since its creation 120 years ago.

I work at the Nobel Prize Museum in Stockholm, an institution devoted to both conduct public outreach activities (exhibitions, lectures et c) about the prize, the laureates, and their work and to investigating the history of the prize. Earlier this year, I published a comprehensive study of the prize’s history during its first three decades, a period I consider to be formative both for the internal organization of the institution and for its relationship with the press. The book is in Swedish, but I have also published papers based on the underlying research – for example about the Nobel laureates as scientific celebrities.

In PASSIM, I work on a project looking at how the early Nobel committees in physics and chemistry valued practical usefulness when evaluating candidates for the prize. The founding document for the prize, the will of inventor Alfred Nobel, states that it should be awarded to those who had conferred the ”greatest benefit to humankind”. What I have been doing in the PASSIM project is to look at how this “benefit” was defined, especially with regards to the possible use of patents as documents to support candidates.

Working with the PASSIM-team is a great experience. Coming from a background in history of science, the perspective of patents and intellectual property more broadly has certainly made me think in new (for me) ways about how scientific ideas evolve and how legitimacy and recognition is bestowed on people. We always have great discussions, largely due to Eva’s social genius – she places us in great settings, both physically and intellectually, and makes it easy to think, discuss and raise questions. It also creates a sense of community, trust and working together towards a common goal.

PASSIMer of the month (Marc)

Marc Stuhldreier is a new addition to the PASSIM team, and as of this fall Postdoctoral Fellow in Culture and Society at Linköping University, he is also our PASSIMer of the month.

I come an academic background in business law and human rights, my research interest lies in analysing international patent rights, addressing their flaws and supporting the creation of a patent system that is fair and just for all stakeholders. To this end, I seek to account for the different needs of countries and populations at different stages of development. Additionally, my planned research aims for a re-balancing of the incentivisation system which should be based on needs rather than being cantered around purely monetary considerations. I am further interested in scientific and technological advancements and their implications on and interrelation with the field of IP and patent rights as well as issues concerning data protection and privacy.

Currently, I am a Postdoctoral Fellow in Culture and Society at Linköping University, and I joined the PASSIM project as its latest member. Prior to this, I conducted PhD studies at Northumbria University Newcastle, where I analysed pharmaceutical patent rights and their detrimental impacts on the accessibility of medicines and the human right to health. A key theme of my thesis was the identification of responsibilities of private corporations towards the realisation of human rights. A further interest I developed throughout my studies lies in the subject of data privacy in the context of technological advancements. After finishing my PhD, I decided to gather professional experiences as a data protection officer before joining Linköping University and PASSIM to continue my research in the field of patents and technology as a Postdoc.

My PASSIM research project now focusses on the efficacy of the research incentives provided by patent rights. The planned activity is divided into two sub-categories and research questions. The first question addresses the efficacy of patents for incentivising research into highly required innovations, such as new medicines, where the resulting products do not necessarily offer a high profitability (e.g. orphan drugs or neglected diseases). The second part of my planned research focusses on leaks of scientific information and research data, and its impacts on the novelty requirement for patenting innovations. This part of the analysis shall identify whether and when the theft and unlawful disclosure of scientific information can jeopardise the patentability of new inventions.

I am quite excited to be a part of the wonderful PASSIM team, and I am looking forward to adding my two cents to this ECR funded project.

Updated Call for Papers for Workshop 3

Updated Call for Papers

A few changes have been made to our call for papers to the workshop Patents in the Service of War and Peace, including a prolonged submission deadline.

The call now closes October 30th this fall.

Dates: May 16–18, 2022
Venue: Norrköping, Sweden
Call closes: October 30, 2021
Proposal format: 500 Word proposal/200 Word bio
Submit to: 2022workshop@passim.se

Any questions can be directed to the organizers of the workshop: Johanna DahlinJosé BellidoMartin Fredriksson.

 

PASSIMer of the month (Björn)

In my work I am interested in how things are valued, measured and categorized. In recent years I have primarily been focused on the evaluation of academic outputs like papers and patents. In disciplinary terms, my research can be situated at the intersection of information studies and sociology of science with a focus on scholarly communication and bibliometrics.

Currently, I work as an associate professor in Library and Information Science at the University of Borås where I act as a leader for a research group on Knowledge Infrastructures. Prior to this I spent three years as a postdoc at Leiden University and the Centre for Science and Technology Studies (CWTS). My PhD was awarded at Uppsala University for a thesis on how bibliometrics and citation analysis can be used for mapping and evaluating the humanities. It was also at Uppsala where I first got to know Eva Hemmungs Wirtén and we have cooperated in various project since. Hence, I had no doubts when Eva asked me to join PASSIM (although I knew very little about patents). Through my involvement in PASSIM I have learned a lot about patents, but equally important the project has been a great opportunity for interdisciplinary exchange in a colloquial and friendly atmosphere. Therefore, I really hope that the PASSIM-team can meet – outside Zoom – soon again, and I really look forward to our planned workshops on Patents as Capital, and Patents in War and Peace. Considering my own work, I will continue to study patents and their role as science indicators – a first paper was published earlier this year  – and the role of patents in the scientific information industry. But first some long-awaited vacation, which I will spend with my family (its latest addition being a ragdoll kitten) in the garden, in the woods of Småland, and by a lake or the sea. Certainly, I will also find time to watch a “few” games of football from the European Championship.

 

 

For more on patents in the scientific information industry (or possibly football outrage?) follow Björn on twitter.

Conversation with Kathy Bowrey coming up!

On Thursday, April 22, the first of our three zoom conversations jointly organized by PASSIM and ISHTIP (The International Society for the History and Theory of Intellectual Property) takes place! This will be a great opportunity not only to listen to Kathy Bowrey talk about her new book with Brad Sherman and PASSIM’s own Martin Fredriksson, but to reboot the interdisciplinary dialogue on intellectual property more generally. What are the methods, materials, approaches and assumptions we bring to this particular brand of scholarship? ISHTIP has been absolutely central here. But before we can meet again in person in 2022, ISHTIP too will take place via zoom this summer.

Awaiting that time in July, join us for one or all three conversations and keep the dialogue going!

 

To join this discussion: https://unsw.zoom.us/j/88412339834